Oradour, French ghost town with wounds still alive…..

Historian M D Foot, describes it as the “The most notorious Nazi atrocity in Western Europe”, and it happened just four days after the Allies had landed in Normandy. It was 70 years ago, on June 10th 1944… That day, a detachment of 180 soldiers from the 2nd Panzer Division ‘Das Reich’ arrived in the small French west-central town  of Oradour-sur-Glane…

TERROR

Instantly, the village population was rounded up; women and children were walked to the church, apart from the men who were taken to 6 different execution sites. The SS set the church on fire with everyone inside (except for one escapee). The men were executed, (5 managed to ran away). The raid killed 642 in what remains one of the most horrendous calculated massacre of civilians in recent history.

“Down this road, on a summer day in 1944 . . . The soldiers came. Nobody lives here now. They stayed only a few hours. When they had gone, the community which had lived for a thousand years . . . was dead. This is Oradour-sur-Glane, in France. The day the soldiers came, the people were gathered together. The men were taken to garages and barns, the women and children were led down this road . . . and they were driven . . . into this church. Here, they heard the firing as their men were shot. Then . . . they were killed too. A  few weeks later, many of those who had done the killing were themselves dead, in battleThey never rebuilt Oradour. Its ruins are a memorial. Its martyrdom stands for thousands upon thousands of other martyrdoms in Poland, in Russia, in Burma, in China, in a World at War . . .”  The World at war ” narration by Laurence Olivier.

AGAINST OUR WILL

Part of the SS troops were  12  Alsatians “malgré-nous “.  “Against-our-will”, that was their name.  They were young Frenchmen drafted by the Wehrmacht. Most of them complied under threat of harm to their families or to themselves.  Among them was Albert Daul, 88, the only  Oradour’s ” malgré-nous ” survivor to date. At Bordeaux’s trial in 1953 Daul, and 11 of his pals, ex-SS soldiers, forced into treason, were convicted,  and sentenced to extended years of hard labor.  The verdict created an unrest in the Alsace regions.  A  general Amnesty,  brought an uproar in the Limousin (Oradour region), but set the ” against-our-will’ free.  The trial was a real “psychodrama”,  reports Regis le Sommier, in a unique and moving interview with Daul,  published this week in Paris-Match.  

Albert DaulePhoto Paris-Match.

 

ORADOUR -SUR-GLANE

 

Update:  New books related to WWII are appearing on the shelves of French bookstores.  It marks D-Day’s 70th anniversary, which coincides with Oradour massacre.  For those reading in French,  journalist Regis Lesommier produced an in-depth investigation about the massacre, with testimonies never heard before.  Today, when it seems like the French population buried its past, these books are a sharp reminder that anti-semitism, fascism, and racism are still alive and well,  fed by the economic strain, with the fear that history can repeat itself anytime.

Regis_Oradour

Initially published February 5th 2014. Updated May 31th 2014 

By Carol Illouz with Paris-Match

More Info

  • Interview of Albert Daul,  the last ” malgré-nous ” Paris-Match Ipad version and Print
  • Oradour. info
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